Legislative Notices

June 24, 2020

S.4049 – National Defense Authorization Act for FY21

NOTEWORTHY Background: The Senate Armed Services Committee has filed S.4049, the fiscal year 2021 National Defense Authorization Act. The committee voted on June 11 to advance the bill to the Senate floor by a vote of 25-2. The Senate has passed the NDAA every year for the past 59 years. Floor Situation: The Senate is expected to begin debate on the NDAA as soon as the week of June 29. Executive Summary: The fiscal year 2021 NDAA authorizes $740.5 billion for defense spending within the... Continue Reading


June 19, 2020

S.3985 – Just and Unifying Solutions to Invigorate Communities Everywhere (JUSTICE) Act

NOTEWORTHY Background: Following the death of George Floyd while being arrested by Minneapolis police, there has been a widespread, even international, push to reexamine and reform police practices. In a recent poll, 69% of Americans said that Floyd’s death was a sign of broader problems in treatment of black Americans by police. President Trump issued an executive order on June 16 directing the attorney general to send discretionary grant funding only to state and local law enforcement... Continue Reading


June 5, 2020

S.3422 – Great American Outdoors Act

NOTEWORTHY Background: The National Park Service has a nearly $12 billion deferred maintenance backlog, including needed repair and maintenance on roads, trails, buildings, utility systems, etc. The maintenance backlog at the U.S. Forest Service is $5.2 billion; $1.3 billion at the Fish and Wildlife Service; $960 million at the Bureau of Land Management; and $634 million at the Bureau of Indian Education. Repair and maintenance at these public lands sites throughout the country is normally... Continue Reading


March 11, 2020

H.R. 6172 – USA Freedom Reauthorization Act

NOTEWORTHY Background: Four major authorities of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act will lapse on March 15 unless Congress reauthorizes them. These are generally referred to as the “business records” provision, the “call detail records” authority, the “roving wiretaps” provision, and the “lone wolf” targeting provision. If these authorities of FISA lapse, the United States intelligence surveillance programs would mostly revert to their... Continue Reading


March 2, 2020

S.2657, American Energy Innovation Act

NOTEWORTHY Background: The American Energy Innovation Act consists of more than 50 energy-related measures reported by the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee during the 116th Congress. Floor Situation: Majority Leader McConnell filed for cloture on February 27 on a motion to proceed to S.2657, the American Geothermal Innovation Leadership Act. This bill will be the vehicle for the AEIA. A vote to invoke cloture on the motion to proceed is scheduled for March 2, with debate and a... Continue Reading


February 11, 2020

H.J.Res.76 – Disapproval of Borrower Defense Rule

NOTEWORTHY Background: A process known as “borrower defense to repayment” lets students who have been defrauded by their college or university apply to the Department of Education for relief from their student loans. In September 2019, the department finalized a new rule for this process. It will apply to borrowers filing claims for loans taken out on or after July 1, 2020. On January 16, the House passed H.J.Res.76, a joint resolution under the Congressional Review Act that... Continue Reading


January 14, 2020

H.R.5430 – United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act

NOTEWORTHY Background: The United States, Mexico, and Canada renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement in 2017 and 2018. This was one of the Trump administration’s highest priorities. The result was the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement. The three parties signed the protocol replacing NAFTA with USMCA on November 30, 2018.  U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer negotiated extensively with working groups chosen by House Speaker Pelosi to modify the agreement to... Continue Reading


December 19, 2019

House Message on H.R. 1865 – The Further Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2020

NOTEWORTHY Background: The federal government’s new fiscal year began October 1, but the House and Senate have not yet completed action on the 12 annual funding measures. The government is currently operating under a temporary continuing resolution that expires December 20. Without full-year appropriations or a temporary continuing resolution in place by the deadline, the government will shut down. Floor Situation: The House message to H.R.1865 passed the House on December 17 by a vote... Continue Reading


December 18, 2019

House Message on H.R. 1158 – The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2020

TEWORTHY Background: The federal government’s new fiscal year began October 1, but the House and Senate have not yet completed action on the 12 annual funding measures. The government is currently operating under a temporary continuing resolution that expires December 20. Without full-year appropriations or a temporary continuing resolution in place by the deadline, the government will shut down. Floor Situation: The House message to H.R.1158 passed the House on December 17 by a... Continue Reading


December 12, 2019

S.1790 – National Defense Authorization Act for FY2020

NOTEWORTHY Background: The Senate passed S.1790, the fiscal year 2020 National Defense Authorization Act on June 27 by a vote of 86-8. The House passed its version of the NDAA, H.R.2500, on July 12 by a vote of 220 to 197. The House passed the NDAA conference report on December 11 by a vote of 377-48. Floor Situation: The Senate is expected to consider the conference report to the NDAA this work period. Executive Summary: The fiscal year 2020 NDAA conference report authorizes $735 billion for... Continue Reading


November 19, 2019

House Message on H.R.3055 – The Second Continuing Appropriations Act, 2020

NOTEWORTHY Background: The federal government’s new fiscal year began October 1, but the House and Senate have not yet completed action on the 12 annual funding measures. The government is currently operating under a temporary continuing resolution that expires November 21. Without full-year appropriations or a temporary continuing resolution in place by the deadline, the government will shut down. The House message to accompany H.R.3055 is another short-term continuing resolution that... Continue Reading


October 31, 2019

H.R.2740 – Minibus Appropriations: LHHS-Defense-E&W

NOTEWORTHY Background: The federal government is currently operating under the terms of a continuing resolution that expires November 21. To date, none of the 12 annual appropriations bills has been enacted into law. Unless the House and Senate can complete action on all 12 spending bills for 2020 before the deadline, another continuing resolution will be necessary. Floor Situation: On October 17, Leader McConnell filed cloture on the motion to proceed to H.R.2740. This vote will occur after... Continue Reading


October 23, 2019

S.J.Res, Disapproval of Salt Workaround Rules

NOTEWORTHY Background: In exchange for lower marginal tax rates, the 2017 tax cut reduced the value of the state and local tax deduction for households that itemize. Some high tax jurisdictions responded to this change with workarounds that inappropriately enable taxpayers to re-characterize the payment of state and local taxes as charitable contributions. In June, the IRS issued new regulations designed to curb this behavior and preserve the policy intended by law. Floor Situation: On October... Continue Reading


October 21, 2019

H.R.3055 – Minibus Appropriations: CJS-AG-Interior-THUD

NOTEWORTHY Background: The federal government is currently operating under the terms of a continuing resolution that expires November 21. To date, none of the 12 annual appropriations bills has been enacted into law. Unless the House and Senate can complete action on all 12 spending bills for 2020 before the deadline, another continuing resolution will be necessary. Floor Situation: On October 17, Leader McConnell filed cloture on the motion to proceed to H.R.3055. This vote is expected as... Continue Reading


September 23, 2019

H.R. 4378 – Continuing Appropriations Act, 2020, and Health Extenders Act of 2019

NOTEWORTHY Background: The federal government’s new fiscal year begins October 1, but the House and Senate have not yet completed action on the 12 annual funding measures. Without full-year appropriations or a temporary continuing resolution in place by the deadline, the government will shut down. H.R.4378 is a short-term continuing resolution that would provide stop-gap funding for all federal agencies through November 21 and extend the authorization of certain health programs that would... Continue Reading


July 25, 2019

H.R. 3877 – The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2019

NOTEWORTHY Background: The Budget Control Act of 2011 established caps on discretionary spending, enforced by sequester, for the 10-year period 2012-2021. Those caps are further reduced every year by approximately $89 billion combined — a penalty imposed by the failure of a bicameral, bipartisan committee to find additional savings. Congress has acted multiple times to ease the spending reductions, but there is no agreement in place for 2020 or 2021. Without a legislative fix,... Continue Reading


July 15, 2019

Tax Treaties

NOTEWORTHY Background: During the Obama administration, Treasury officials negotiated three new bilateral income tax treaties and a series of amendments (or “protocols”) to four existing bilateral income tax treaties and one multilateral agreement. All seven bilateral treaties and protocols were previously passed by the Foreign Relations Committee during the 115th Congress, but the full Senate did not act. Ratification has been delayed over taxpayer privacy concerns.... Continue Reading


June 26, 2019

H.R. 3401 – Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for the Border

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June 25, 2019

S.1900 – Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for the Border

NOTEWORTHY Background: Due to an unprecedented surge of people crossing our southern border, the Department of Health and Human Services will run out of money to provide shelter and care for more than 13,000 unaccompanied children in the next few weeks. On May 1, President Trump requested $4.5 billion in emergency supplemental funding to provide humanitarian aid including shelter, food, and medical care to migrants. Floor Situation: The Senate Appropriations Committee adopted S.1900, the... Continue Reading


June 13, 2019

S. 1790 – National Defense Authorization Act for FY2020

NOTEWORTHY Background: The Senate Armed Services Committee has filed S. 1790, the fiscal year 2020 National Defense Authorization Act. The committee voted on May 23 to advance this bill to the Senate floor by a vote of 25-2.   Floor Situation: The Senate is expected to begin debate on the NDAA during the week of June 17. Executive Summary: The fiscal year 2020 NDAA authorizes $741.6 billion for defense spending within the jurisdiction of the Armed Services Committee: $674 billion for the... Continue Reading


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